Money laundering costs the globe about 5% of its gross domestic product. The annual losses are expected to be more than $2 trillion. To begin with, money laundering is not a minor infraction. It’s a major financial crime with serious economic and societal ramifications. Criminals and terrorist financiers find it incredibly easy to fund and monetize illicit actions because 90% of money laundered is off the radar.

What is money laundering?

Money laundering is an illegal practice that disguises the source of ill-gotten gains and makes them appear legitimate.

How does money laundering happen?

Money launderers go through three stages before releasing illicit funds into the financial system.


Laundered funds are transferred from criminal organizations to be deposited and positioned as a respectable source here. False invoicing, shifting money to high-cash-flow enterprises, overseas bank accounts, and offshore firms are common methods for concealing one’s identity.


Layering, also known as the’structuring phase,’ is the process of dividing a large sum of money into little transactions in order to conceal money laundering. It covers worldwide money transfers, making it harder for law authorities to trace down money launderers. Finally, the laundered money moves around the world and is exchanged in foreign markets.


Integration, often known as the ‘extraction phase,’ is the ultimate stage of money laundering. During this stage, the laundered funds are returned to the offenders and integrated into the regular financial flow. Criminals can now lawfully retrieve their laundered money and utilize it for any purpose if it is disguised as coming from a reputable source.

Need to combat money laundering

Money laundering has a significant influence. It deteriorates financial health, income distribution, and tax collections, while also encouraging crime and impeding economic growth.

Money laundering is more likely to affect institutions that specialize in money movement, such as banks, NBFCs, and other financial institutions. As a result, they must be extremely attentive.

The September 11 terrorist attacks, sometimes known as the 9/11 terrorist attacks, had a significant impact on money laundering restrictions, particularly in the banking sector. Following this, the Patriot Act was passed, giving the US government authority to combat terrorism. It also ordered banking institutions to strengthen their anti-money laundering (AML) systems and to conduct more due diligence on international bank accounts. Title III improved contact between law enforcement and financial institutions, which reinforced banking rules. As a result, the United States imposed a tougher AML system, which was followed by other countries.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has strict anti-money laundering policies in place. Banks must adhere to strict customer identification procedures while creating accounts and monitoring transactions. Anything suspicious must be reported to the appropriate authorities right away.

In today’s modern context, when criminals are becoming more smart by the hour, strong anti-money laundering (AML) rules and compliance are crucial. Financial institutions must monitor, assess, and report risks and suspected money laundering.


If your company wants to combat money laundering, you must invest in a strong AML platform that focuses on the four crucial aspects.

Research and Technology

One can detect false positives and conduct in-depth study to eradicate wrongdoings using cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence.

Constant Communication

Regular communication between all parties concerned, including law enforcement, government, regulatory authorities, and so on, is essential. Communication will keep all parties informed, examine suspicions, and uncover potential money-laundering networks.

Leverage Data Analytics

Analytics provides companies with data and insights to discover and detect money laundering patterns.

System Standardization

Proper standardization aids in the communication and processing of data that impedes fraud detection.

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